Banner Viadrina

Sommersemester 2008

European Orientalism

Seminar
MA: Soziale Bewegungen - Institutionen - Kulturelle Orientierungen / Sozialwissenschaften 
MASS / MICS: Wahlmodul (Migration - Ethnizität - Ethnozentrismus)
MES

3/6/9 ECTS
Donnerstag 14.15 - 15.45 Uhr, Ort: CP 27, Veranstaltungsbeginn: 10.04.08

For Edward Said 'orientalism' is a set of discursive practices through which the West structured the imagined East. the Other constitues the alter ego of the West in which stronger groups define weaker ones. This concept has been creatively used by scholars analyzing European hegemonic relations between different European regions: Larry Wolf (the invention of Eastern Europe), Maria Todorova (Balkan semi-orientalism), and Milica Bakic-Hayden (nesting orientalism). Discourses on alterity assume today various forms. One among conspicuous is a restructuring of the perception of social inequalities by the dominating neoliberal ideology. The degree to which various countries, social groups and individuals have embraced neolliberalism  has become a yardstick for classifying them as 'civilized'. In the new Europe orientalism escapes the confines of space and time and serves to concoct social distinctions across state borders as well as within them. One can say that a mental map has morphed into social space and the Other can be found among compatriots. We should study both 'traditional' and new forms of orientalizing practices in Europe today.

Leistungsnachweis: Regelmäßige und aktive Teilnahme, Hausarbeit
Sprache: Englisch

 

New Theories of Power

Seminar
MA: Soziale Bewegungen - Institutionen - Kulturelle Orientierungen / Sozialwissenschaften
MASS: Zentralmodul (Struktur)
MES

3/6/9 ECTS
Blockseminar, 11.15 -- 17.45 Uhr, ort CP 27, Veranstaltungsbeginn: 28.05.08

Power has become one of the most important notions used in social sciences. It has been variously defined: as a set of predominant conceptions, practices and institutional procedures that operate to the advantage of certain groups; as a way in which people's thoughts and desires are shaped what ultimately makes them unconsciously compliant to those excercising power; for Foucault power is: intrinsic to all social processes, depends on other social phenomena, and through discursive practices produces an image of rality 'as it is'. Power is interwined with the concept of resistance. We want to scrutinize and discuss existing theories of power and its defiance by scrutinizing new theories that have been recently put forward in social sciences. Among others we are interested in those concepts that emphasize a dialectical nature of essentialized dichotomy power vs. resistance, concepts which emphasize intersectionality (the interdependence of race, gender and class) and concepts which emphasize the interactional nature of power relation. Anthropological case studies should help us to show  how complex interactions make social actors acquiescent and complicit to the existing social dependencies, and at the same time contruct them as active participants in a perpetual creation and recreation of power relations.

Hinweise zum Blockseminar: 28. - 30. Mai; 11.00 bis 18.00 Uhr
Sprache: Englisch