The Modern State, 15th - 21st Century: Emergence and Decline?
Prof. Dr. Klaus Weber
Vorlesung: Kulturwissenschaften: Einführung Kulturgeschichte: Einführung
Donnerstag, 11:15 - 12:45 Uhr, Ort: AM 202, Veranstaltungsbeginn: 18.10.2018
From the Renaissance, Europe has seen the rise of a unique phenomenon in world history: that of the powerful fiscal-military state, ultimately leading into the development of modern nation states. This was at the cost of a multitude of smaller and bigger territories and power-holders, among them feudal lords, war lords, wealthy city states, the Church(es). The process – often violent – has been accompanied by scholarly writing on the legitimacy of power, and by debates about how best to organize it. The seminar will treatboth the historical process and some of the contemporary authors, such as Niccolò Machiavelli, Martin Luther, or Thomas Hobbes.The development seems to have culminated in the fairly stable period of the Cold War. Since its end, some world regions are witnessing rather crumbling, and even failed states, with re-feudalization by organised crime. Even in more industrialised nations, the emergence of private military companies resembling the infamous war lords (‘condottieri’) of the 15th and 16th centuries, significant cutbacks in welfare provision, and an increase in religious conflicts may be seen as indicators for a retreat of state power.The topic thus implies the question whether there are lessons to be learned from history.
Literatur: Charles Tilly: War Making and State Making as Organized Crime, in: P. Evans / D. Rueschemeyer / T. Skocpol (eds.): Bringing the State Back In, Cambridge 1985, pp. 169-191. Charles Tilly: The European Revolutions 1492-1992; Oxford 1993.
Leistungsnachweise: Oral presentation with handout, term paper