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Sign languages

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Gomes, João Carlos 
Vilhalva, Shirley.
Línguas de Sinais Indígenas

Esta mesa redonda sobre as epistemologias das línguas de sinais indígenas traz resultados de estudos e pesquisas que visam promover debates, reflexões, discussões e análises sobre os estudos surdos, bem como tornar as línguas de sinais e a cultura e a identidade surdas mais conhecidas no contexto dos estudos acadêmicos e da organização escolar da educação básica.

 Ortega, Gerardo.
Iconic Gestures Act as Manual Cognates at First Exposure to Signs

Learners of a second language commonly rely on their first language to break into the novel linguistic system. One would expect that due to the modality differences between speech and sign, learners of a sign language as a second language lack a system that could alleviate some of the burden to learn the target language. However, hearing non-signers have at their disposal a repertoire of gestures which are expressed in the same modality as signs and share the property of iconicity. In this talk I will provide empirical evidence suggesting that learners recruit their gestural system at the earliest stages of learning and that iconic gestures may function as ‘manual cognates’ that assist making form-meaning associations with a novel signed lexicon.

Pfau, Roland.
Sign Language Negation: Typology and Grammaticalization (Working Title)

The expression of standard negation by means of manual and/or non-manual markers has been described for a considerable number of sign languages. Typological comparisons have revealed an intriguing dichotomy: while some sign languages require a manual negative element in negative clauses (manual dominant sign languages), in others negation can be realized by a non-manual marker alone (non-manual dominant sign languages). In addition, we find variation within both groups, e.g. with respect to the scope of the headshake and the availability of Negative Concord. In this talk, I will describe the attested variation, and offer some speculations on how sign language negation fits into a general typology of clausal negation. 

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